Hemp & CBD Education
Discover videos, infographics, and our blog for hempy ideas and news
Why Hemp & CBD Education Is Important?
Hemp & CBD education is important because it helps consumers discover the benefits of an effective hemp or CBD product.
CBD is becoming more mainstream in American culture and there is a growing need for consumers to get accurate and factual information about the products on the market.
There are thousands of products and the average consumer needs help to navigate the sea of hemp & CBD offerings and information.
Facts About Hemp
Cannabinoid Rich Hemp products are made from hemp or with hemp extracts which contain CBD. Hemp products have 0.3% THC or less in the product. CBD or cannabidiol is a naturally occurring cannabinoid found in the plant Cannabis Sativa. Hemp products also include clothing, food, and topicals.
Hemp extract products have a variety of effects. The specific effects of any hemp extract product relates to the extraction process used to make the hemp extract and the other ingredients in the formula.
Cannabinoids are naturally occurring molecules that are derived from the Cannabis plant. Additionally, cannabinoids are naturally occuring in the human body, (i.e. mother’s milk, runner’s “high”) and they interact with the endo-cannabinoid system which has receptors all over the body.
There are over 90 cannabinoids that have been found by scientists CBD,THC, CBN, CBC, CBG are some of the most researched cannabinoids.
Cannabidiol, or CBD, was discovered in 1940 by Roger Adams at the University of Illinois. About 20 years later, Raphael Mechoulam was able to successfully isolate CBD in 1963.
The modern hemp plant has over 400 different compounds. About 100 of these compounds are cannabinoids and one of them is CBD. Cannabidiol has been shown to have therapeutic effects, but will not give you the psychoactive effects, or “high” associated with THC-rich varieties of the cannabis plant.
Through the 1970s, a Canadian scientist Dr. Ernest Small, discovered there are 2 different types of cannabis plants, a THC-rich variety and a low THC variety. The low THC varieties had less than %0.3 and this became the definition for hemp.
Contrary to popular belief, CBD and THC are not the same thing but do have some similarities.
CBD like THC is a cannabinoid found in the cannabis plant.
CBD can be derived from both THC-rich and low THC varieties of the cannabis plant. Today, hemp is the main source of CBD because it is federally legal in all 50 states.
Hemp extracts can contain terpenes. Terpenes are naturally occurring compounds found throughout nature that create flavors and smells. Flowers and fruits are the most terpene-rich part of a plant.
Terpenes are found in citrus plants, evergreen trees and shrubs, herbs, coffees, and chocolates. Terpenes interact with the endo-cannabinoid system in a similar way to cannabinoids. When inhaled or ingested, terpenes help cannabinoids have a deeper effect on the body and also help cross the blood-brain barrier.
Extraction is the process of separating the oils, resins, and terpenes (ORTs) from the hemp flowers and stalks from the rest of the plant material using different methods.
There are many solvents used to extract cannabinoids and terpenes from hemp. Extraction types include CO2, ethanol (food grade alcohol), lipid, spagerix, rosin press, water, propane, and butane.
Each extraction method produces a concentrated oil ranging from 70%-90% CBD with naturally occurring terpenes and other useful compounds.
One extraction process that does not use a solvent is the rosin extraction, which uses pressure and heat to extract.
Each method produces a unique extract with different benefits. For example, products using CO2 hemp extract can take a while for the body to absorb. Our written reviews go into detail about the extraction method and the specific effects of each product.
Another important factor in choosing the right hemp product is determining if you want a full spectrum CBD extract or isolate CBD product?
Full spectrum extracts have a wide range of cannabinoids and phytonutrients available for your body to utilize.
Some full spectrum extracts and distillates are high in terpenes. Full spectrum extracts generally range from 30% to 70% CBD. The hemp plant has over 300 beneficial compounds, including cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes which can be found in a full spectrum extract product.
Isolate is the most processed form of hemp extract, this creates a very pure CBD. It is a crystalline powder that is one cannabinoid. CBD and CBG isolates are the most common cannabinoid isolates on the market today. Isolates are 90% to 99.8% pure.
Tips for Your Hemp Experience
Most hemp products have a total milligrams of CBD per bottle, and total milligrams per serving of the active cannabinoid on their labeling. Generally this active cannabinoid is CBD but all major cannabinoids must be listed on the label.
So if a bottle says 1000 mg then hopefully it means 1000 mg of CBD. Check the labels to make sure of the total CBD contained in the bottle and the total CBD per serving. Some lower quality products only list the milligrams of hemp extract and not the milligrams of CBD. Knowing the exact amount of CBD per serving helps you get the exact milligrams for your desired effects.
We suggest people start with a minimal dose of 5 mg-10 mg of CBD. This is a good place to start out and notice how a hemp extract product affects you. 3-5% of the population is extremely sensitive to CBD and hemp extract.
Try 20 mg – 35 mg of CBD for relief of stress, anxiety, relaxation, and inflammation. For the majority of the population, 25 mg is the average amount of CBD to relieve most stress, anxiety, inflammation, and help with relaxation.
For extreme conditions, a one time 100 mg – 200 mg per dose before going to sleep is common.
Tortus Mtn reviewers have taken 100 mg – 200 mg before going to sleep to relieve a challenging day of strenuous activity, being on your feet for over 10 hours, or if your body hurts from a stressful month. The extreme dose is for acute conditions and is not a daily dose. This is a one time dosage (based on individual need) that matches the level of stress you put on your body, mind, and spine.
Some people take hemp extract products everyday or every other day, depending on their need.
Some women prefer to take hemp products, 1 week before menstruation and through menstruation.
Some athletes only take hemp products for recovery, after intense training days.
Some people only take hemp products once a week, when they need it for inflammation or stress.
Some people have extreme conditions in their daily life, and need a heavy daily dose to keep their bodies and minds balanced.
It all depends on you and your specific need. There is no right answer, except for the one that you feel fits into your life.
Adding hemp extract products with CBD to your diet is like adding a fish oil or turmeric supplement to your nutritional routine.
Before you add any nutritional supplement to your routine, you have to see how it absorbs and works with your body.
After you find a supplement that works, you can explore different brands and products to find the formulas that work with your body and your wallet.
CO2 extracted hemp oil is the cleanest extraction process, but it takes a longer time for the body to absorb and feel the benefits. The CO2 extracted formulas are good for daily use because the effects build and are subtle and gentle. CO2 is a full spectrum extraction.
Hemp products using ethanol extracted methods provide faster absorption to feel the benefits faster than CO2 extraction. These products are better for acute issues. Ethanol is a full spectrum extraction process and combined wIth another process can become an isolate.
CO2 extracted products are slower to affect the body with longer lasting benefits and ethanol extracted products provide faster absorption and more bioavailability.
Hemp gel capsules are good for people who don’t enjoy the flavor of raw hemp extract.
Hemp extracts can also contain terpenes. Terpenes are naturally occurring compounds found in nature that create flavors and smells. Flowers and fruits are the most terpene-rich part of plants.
Terpenes are found in citrus plants, evergreen trees and shrubs, herbs, coffees, and chocolates. Terpenes interact with the endo-cannabinoid system in a similar way to cannabinoids. When inhaled or ingested, terpenes help cannabinoids have a deeper effect on the body. Terpenes enhance CBD crossing the blood-brain barrier.
Hemp extract supplements are best to take in the morning and at night before bed. Until you know how CBD affects you specifically, it is best to take at home or in a controlled environment.
If you experience the energizing effects of hemp extract products, then you can enjoy them as you need the energy throughout the day.
Usually if you take a higher dose on accident there is a general sleepiness or drowsiness that you feel. If you feel a drowsiness, then you have reached your maximum dose. Knowing your maximum dose is a good thing because you know the amount of CBD you need to help you sleep.
We recommend that you take your products at home before you go out on the town and take a higher dose. We do not like using the word overdose when talking about CBD products. We choose to use the words Maximum Dose.
You might feel some adverse effects from a maximum dose but you should be able to sleep it off.